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What is ODNMR

Since the early 1980s Optically detected nuclear magnetic resonance (ODNMR) has been used as an effective tool for
studying the dynamics of nuclear polarization in bulk semiconductors. In comparison with conventional NMR methods this measurements has shown a very high sensitivity. As nanostructures, like quantum dots (quantum wells...), appears conventional NMR methods were unable to detect a direct response from the nuclearspinsystem because of the small amount of nuclears in nanostructures. One of the features of nanostructures is the strong coupling between the electronspin and nuclearspinsystem because of the strong localisation of the electron. This coupling enable to detect an electron-hole recombination that is influenced by the nuclearspinsystem. The ODNMR method use this coupling to get information about the nuclearspinsystem by measuring the photoluminescence.

Converntional NMR methods:

To observe an absorbtion of an radiofrequency signal it is need to create a large population difference between the split energy levels of the nuclearspin. So typically external fields of several Tesla are needed to observe an NMR signal.

ODNMR measurements:

The effect of optical pumping is used to increase the population difference between the split nuclearspin levels. This effect describe the transfer of angular momentum from circular polarized light to the electron and finally the transfer of the angular momentum from the electron to the nuclearspinsystem. The created difference in population is strong enough to observe an absorbtion of a radiofrequency signal even in a few milli Tesla.

Experimental setup

A TiSa-Laser can be tuned from 750nm-950nm to excite the Sample. In addition two optical modulators (electro-optic and acousto-optical modulator) are in use. The EOM change the polarization between horizontal and vertical linear polarized light with a repetition of 1.4MHz. In combination with a λ/4 the sample will be excited by circular polarized light. The AOM can interrupt the excitation so that the shortest laser-pulses has a duration of about 200ns. The sample can be cooled down to 1.8K inside of an optical Cryostat. The superconductive insert can reach up to 1T and be oriented in Voigt- or Faraday-configuration (mag. field normal or parallel to optical axis). The photoluminescence can be detected by a combination of a monochromator + CCD or a monochromator + averlanced photodiode with a grating of 600g/mm.

Typical experiment

All measurements are performed on self assembled quantum dots and the main interest is to measure the degree of polarization of the photoluminescence in the dependence of an external magnetic field that is applied perpendicular (Voigt-geometry) to the optical axis. The polarization degree of the photoluminescence is proportional to the z-component (z-component is parallel to optical axis) of the excited electron. By applying a transverse mag. field one can observe a degreasing of the polarization degree of the photoluminescense. It means that a dephasing of the excited electronspin is observed. This effect is called the Hanle-effect and by sweeping the transverse mag. field one can observe the Hanle-curves.

Without the influence of the nuclearspinsystem the dephasing of the elctronspin has a lorentzian shape. If an interaction between the excited electron and nuclearspinsystem appears one can observe it on the Hanle-curve. The easiest measurement, where an influence of the nuclearspinsystem is observable, is to excite the sample permanent with circular polarized light. This leads to a polarization of the nuclearspins and causes a nuclear magnetic field that is oriented along the external mag. flied. In this situation the Hanle-curve shows a W-structure.

Main Results

Influence of strain on the Zeeman-splitting

Measurements has shown, that in small external mag. fields the strain effects change the energy levels of the zeeman splitting. Some of the Zeeman levels are still degenerated and don't split up to severel tens of mT. One reasons for the strain is the lattice mismatch of the substrate and the quantum dot an other is the exchange of some nuclei due to a high annealing temperature of the sample. It was possible to identify the nuclear magnetic resonances and to calculate the direction and the magnitude of the strain within the quantum dots.

Selective polarization of nuclei

By simultaneously irradiation the sample with polarized light and applying an oscilating mag. field it is possible to polarize selectivelly one isotope within a quantum dot.

Calculation of spindynamic for different nuclei

The nuclei that are influenced strongly by the strain has different times for plarization and dephasing then nuclei that are less influenced by strain. It is possible to calculate this times for nuclei.

Current Offers For Bachelor-, Master- or PhD-Theses

Bachelor- and Master-theses are offered in relation to the ongoing research. Feel free to ask for more information!


  • Prof. (apl.) Dr. Dmitri Yakovlev



Location & approach

The campus of TU Dort­mund University is located close to interstate junction Dort­mund West, where the Sauerlandlinie A 45 (Frankfurt-Dort­mund) crosses the Ruhrschnellweg B 1 / A 40. The best interstate exit to take from A 45 is "Dort­mund-Eichlinghofen" (closer to Campus Süd), and from B 1 / A 40 "Dort­mund-Dorstfeld" (closer to Campus Nord). Signs for the uni­ver­si­ty are located at both exits. Also, there is a new exit before you pass over the B 1-bridge leading into Dort­mund.

To get from Campus Nord to Campus Süd by car, there is the connection via Vogelpothsweg/Baroper Straße. We recommend you leave your car on one of the parking lots at Campus Nord and use the H-Bahn (suspended monorail system), which conveniently connects the two campuses.

TU Dort­mund University has its own train station ("Dort­mund Uni­ver­si­tät"). From there, suburban trains (S-Bahn) leave for Dort­mund main station ("Dort­mund Hauptbahnhof") and Düsseldorf main station via the "Düsseldorf Airport Train Station" (take S-Bahn number 1, which leaves every 20 or 30 minutes). The uni­ver­si­ty is easily reached from Bochum, Essen, Mülheim an der Ruhr and Duisburg.

You can also take the bus or subway train from Dort­mund city to the uni­ver­si­ty: From Dort­mund main station, you can take any train bound for the Station "Stadtgarten", usually lines U41, U45, U 47 and U49. At "Stadtgarten" you switch trains and get on line U42 towards "Hombruch". Look out for the Station "An der Palmweide". From the bus stop just across the road, busses bound for TU Dort­mund University leave every ten minutes (445, 447 and 462). Another option is to take the subway routes U41, U45, U47 and U49 from Dort­mund main station to the stop "Dort­mund Kampstraße". From there, take U43 or U44 to the stop "Dort­mund Wittener Straße". Switch to bus line 447 and get off at "Dort­mund Uni­ver­si­tät S".

The AirportExpress is a fast and convenient means of transport from Dortmund Airport (DTM) to Dortmund Central Station, taking you there in little more than 20 minutes. From Dortmund Central Station, you can continue to the university campus by interurban railway (S-Bahn). A larger range of international flight connections is offered at Düsseldorf Airport (DUS), which is about 60 kilometres away and can be directly reached by S-Bahn from the university station.

The H-Bahn is one of the hallmarks of TU Dort­mund University. There are two stations on Campus Nord. One ("Dort­mund Uni­ver­si­tät S") is directly located at the suburban train stop, which connects the uni­ver­si­ty directly with the city of Dort­mund and the rest of the Ruhr Area. Also from this station, there are connections to the "Technologiepark" and (via Campus Süd) Eichlinghofen. The other station is located at the dining hall at Campus Nord and offers a direct connection to Campus Süd every five minutes.

The facilities of TU Dortmund University are spread over two campuses, the larger Campus North and the smaller Campus South. Additionally, some areas of the university are located in the adjacent "Technologiepark".

Site Map of TU Dortmund University (Second Page in English).